Stories of a Civil War Hospital
Immediately after fighting began northwest of Gettysburg early on July 1, 1863, Union officers designated Christ Lutheran as a hospital, and it served as an active hospital until August 15, 1863.
Although officially a Union hospital, during the Battle and for several days thereafter, it treated Confederate soldiers also. At its peak, the Christ Lutheran hospital accommodated about 150 wounded soldiers. By August 3, 1863, it still had 78 patients.
Marry McAllister, a neighbor who helped open and establish Christ Lutheran Church as a hospital, recalled that first day: "Every pew was full; some sitting, some lying, some leaning on others."
The following are passages from Gregory Coco's book, "A Vast Sea of Misery:"
"One of the most aesthetically pleasing and stately public buildings anywhere in the Gettysburg area, is this church, located on the south side of Chambersburg Street. It may be the only church in the town that outwardly appears as it did in July of 1863. Adams County is fortunate to have it standing mostly unchanged. ...This was probably the first public building in the town of Gettysburg to be commandeered as a hospital by Union soldiers.
"...Charles McCurdy recalled: 'Two doors below our house, the College Lutheran Church was filled with the wounded. The auditorium of the church was on the second floor and the wounded had to be carried up a long flight of stairs from the street. Surgeons were at work under very rude conditions. ...The Church yard was strewn with arms and legs that had been amputated and thrown out the windows...'"
"Melvin Walker, 13th Massachusetts Infantry, pinpointed where these operations were performed: 'I was taken to a large church on Chambersburg Street where our division hospital had been established on the ground floor. The large vestry was fast filling... An operating table was placed in an anteroom off the Main hall and here our surgeon worked with knife and saw without rest or sleep, almost without food, for 36 hours before the first round had been made...
After the surgeon's work was done, we had no care save such as a few less seriously wounded comrades could give... The first night 23 dead were carried from our room....'"
In her book, "Letters of a Civil War Nurse," Henrietta Jacquette quotes one of her letters from Gettysburg, dated July 7, 1863: "...I would get on first rate if they would not ask me to write to their wives; that I cannot do without crying.... " For further information about this hospital and some video clips see: "The Stories"